Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam started his reign when the Kingdom of Samudera Pasai was on the verge of collapse. Samudera Pasai was attacked by Majapahit Empire to decline at around the 14th century, precisely in 1360. At the end of the Royal history of Islam in the archipelago that was the first seeds of the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam starting grow.
Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam was built on the rubble of Hindu kingdoms and Buddhists that had existed earlier, such as the kingdoms of the ancient Kingdom of Senses, Senses Purwa, the Kingdom of Indra Patra, and Kingdom of Indrapura (Indrapuri). From the invention of the tracked based on the research of stone headstones that were successfully found, namely from the tombstones of Sultan Shah’s Word, one of the sultans who once ruled the Sultanate of Aceh, obtained information that the Aceh capital at Kuta Raja (Banda Aceh). The first Founding of the Sultanate of Aceh is Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah who was crowned on Sunday, an early Jumadil 913 1Hijriah or 8 September 1507.
Information on the existence of Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam progressively unfolds with a tombstone that turned out to be the mausoleum of Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah. In Tombstone, founder of Aceh Darussalam who was in Banda Aceh is XII Enclosure, mentioning that Sultan Ali Mughayat Shah died on 12 Dzulhijah 936 Hijri or 7 August 1530. Also, it is also found in other tombstones in Kuta Alam town,which is the tomb of the father of Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah, namely Syamsu Syah,who mentioned that the syamsu syah died on 14th Muharram 737 Hijria.
A tombstone again found in Kuta Alam is the tomb of Ibrahim who is soon revealed that he is the younger brother of Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah. According to a note that tergurat in the inscription, King Ibrahim died on 21 Muharram 930 Hijri or to coincide with the date of 30 November 1523. King Ibrahim is the right hand of the Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah’s most courageous and loyal. Ibrahim lead all of attacks against Aceh Darussalam to Portuguese, Pedir, Daya, and Samudera Pasai, finally Ibrahim die as a hero in the great battle. The dates found in the inscriptions at the top by itself means to provide grip in determining the course of recorded history in Aceh within the specified period (h. Mohammad Said 1981:157).
Aceh is a big area and is inhabited by some of the big government. In addition to the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam and Samudera Pasai, the land has been established the Islamic Empire Was also in addition to the Malacca Sultanate which has great civilizations in the Strait of Malacca. The emergence of the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam of the existence of the Islamic Empire. One of the famous sultan of the Muslim Sultan Munawwar Shah Lamuri. Here’s what the Sultan then regarded as having the greatest Sultan of Aceh Darussalam, the name is Sultan Iskandar Muda. At the end of the 15th century, with the establishment of a good relationship with neighbouring kingdoms, then the center of the throne of the Kingdom Was moved to the Crown, which in its development into a Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam. In the book of the Sufi and Rusdi Agus Budi Wibowo, entitled “Islamic kingdoms in Aceh” (2006), put forth that the so-called Aceh is the area which is known as the province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (formerly the province).
But at the time of Aceh as a Royal, is the Aceh is now known as the Aceh Besar District or in the language of Aceh Aceh Rayeuk For this name, there is also a mention of the name “Lhee Sagoe Aceh” (Aceh Three Sagi). In addition, there is also the use of Aceh (Aceh Proper) or “actual” because Aceh area that’s what initially became the core of the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam and also the location of its capital, “to be named Aceh.